Monthly Archives: May 2017

Michael Herman, Enterprise Architect and Data Scientist: #Graphitization Inventor

COPYRIGHT © 2016-2017 by Michael Herman, Seattle, Washington and Toronto, Canada. All rights reserved.

Michael Herman is an expert when it comes to the mathematical modeling, analysis, and visualization of almost everything:

  • Large enterprise organizations,
  • Commercial, global-scale, cloud services platforms,
  • Organization principles and belief systems,
  • Human platforms,
  • Aircraft engines, and
  • Muscle cars.

Michael is the inventor of the #Graphitization Continous Transformation Model – a closed-closed loop feedback process for the ingestion, modeling, analysis, visualization, systems optimization, and life cycle management of any type of strategy, system, asset, architecture, or process.

progressive-ea-model-1-0-11-peam4-operational-data-chasm

Figure 1. #Graphization Continuous Transformation Model

A key concept of #Graphitization is the implementation of Transformative Changes that result in positive increases in business value in the system being modeled.

#Graphitization

What is #Graphitization?

#Graphitization is a data science and enterprise architecture framework and process model for modeling, ingesting, organizing, analyzing, and visualizing any domain of endeavor by using graphs – networks of connected objects and relationships with each object and relationship annotated with additional descriptive information (metadata).

The primary applications of #Graphitization are:

  • System optimization,
  • Systems life cycle management, and
  • Transformative Change in resulting in positive increases in business value for the system being studied.

A system is defined as any collection of strategies, system components, assets, architectures or processes.

References

#Graphitization Continuous Transformation Model

The #Graphitization general model is described in Figure 2. as it applies to the design and optimization of large enterprise organizations.

progressive-ea-model-1-0-11-peam4-operational-data-chasm

Figure 2. #Graphization Continuous Transformation Model: Large Enterprise Organizations

The same model can also be used to improve the design and operation of many different types of systems:

  1. Large scale enterprise organizations (public and private sector)
  2. Aircraft engines, muscle cars, and other high-performance engine systems
  3. Commercial, global-scale, cloud services platforms
  4. Automated service composition of cloud services-based data systems
  5. Large collaborative ecosystems: employee groups, business partners, social networks
  6. Large ecosystems of competing or competitive business organizations
  7. Organization principles and belief systems
  8. Conventions software applications and architectures: desktop, server, and web apps
  9. International standards for visual modeling languages
  10. Parallelspace ModelMate
  11. Enterprise Data Management
  12. Internet of Things (IoT)
  13. Architecture Reference Models

Publications and Research Projects

1. Large scale enterprise organizations (public and private sector)

The first applications of #Graphitization were in the field of traditional enterprise architecture modeling and analysis:

  • Business Architecture
  • Application Architecture
  • Technology/Infrastructure Architecture

References

  1. #Graphitization of the Enterprise
  2. Crossing the Chasm: Progressive Enterprise Architecture Model (PEAM)
  3. Progressive Enterprise Architecture Maps – Update 2
  4. Using ArchiMate 2.1 to Model Product or Service Markets
  5. ArchiMate 3.0: What is the preferred way to model a Server Farm?
  6. Crossing the EA Chasm: Enterprise Architecture Diagrams Your Grandmother (and CIO) Will Love
  7. Crossing the EA Chasm: Annotating Your EA Models with RACI Roles
  8. Crossing the EA Chasm: Automating Enterprise Architecture Modeling #1
  9. Crossing the EA Chasm: Automating Enterprise Architecture Modeling #2
  10. Crossing the Enterprise Architecture Chasm
  11. ModelMate Architecture Reference Model
  12. What are the differences between improving the design (and operation) of an aircraft engine, a muscle car, a large enterprise, and/or an integrated commercial global cloud services platform …all running at hyperscale?
  13. Modeling a Company and Its Locations, Markets, Employees, Investors & Roles: Proposals, Wishes & Dreams

2. Aircraft engines, muscle cars, and other high-performance engine systems

It turns out that the modeling and analysis of any complex system is an ideal candidate for #Graphitization.

References

  1. What are the differences between improving the design (and operation) of an aircraft engine, a muscle car, a large enterprise, and/or an integrated commercial global cloud services platform …all running at hyperscale?

3. Commercial, global-scale, cloud services platforms

One particularly important application is the modeling and analysis of very large, commercial, global-scale, cloud services platforms.

References

  1. What are the differences between improving the design (and operation) of an aircraft engine, a muscle car, a large enterprise, and/or an integrated commercial global cloud services platform …all running at hyperscale?

4. Automated service composition of cloud services-based data systems

Call the solution “Expedia for Microsoft Azure/AWS/SFDC/…” or whatever you prefer, today’s commercial cloud services platforms are still a pain in the ass to use for creating non-trivial applications.  Left, right, and center you have to hand-code a myriad of worker processes simply to reformat and pass data around.

#Graphitization is an optimal approach for modeling the underlying cloud services platform services catalog.

References

  1. MS Azure is a bit of a bucket of bolts …very good bolts …but relative to the other IoT vendors, a bucket of bolts.
  2. What are the differences between improving the design (and operation) of an aircraft engine, a muscle car, a large enterprise, and/or an integrated commercial global cloud services platform …all running at hyperscale?
  3. Microsoft Azure Stack POC Architecture Reference Model (ARM): ArchiMate Model – version 1-0-7 – April 30, 2016

5. Large collaborative ecosystems: employee groups, business partners, social networks

Project “Boston” is named after some potential business partners and the embryo for the idea coming from my months as a founding Groove Networks business partner (including many of my most important relationships that I still maintain today).

6. Large ecosystems of competing or competitive business organizations

Modeling of large ecosystems of competing/competitive business organizations is a straightforward #Graphitization use case.

7. Organization principles and belief systems

On the surface, the #Graphitization of principle and belief-based frameworks is pretty straightforward but this is because the basic #Graphitization serves as the substrate for many advanced data ingestion, analysis, and visualization projects.

Below are the results of the  #Graphitization of two principle and belief-based frameworks:

  • Bridgewater Associates: Ray Dalio’s Principles
  • Amazon: Jeff Bezos’ Amazon Leadership Principles

References

  1. #Graphitization of Ray Dalio’s Principles: Iteration 1
  2. #Graphitization of Ray Dalio’s Principles: Iteration 2
  3. #Graphitization of the Amazon Leadership Principles (introducing Personal Leadership Principle Maps) – Iteration 1

8. Conventional software applications and architectures: desktop, server, and web apps

Modeling of complex, multi-language, multiple runtime software environments is a use case that is an ideal application of #Graphitization.

References

  1. #Graphitization of .NET Applications: Marrying Open EA Data with Graph Databases
  2. Pinc-A Tool For Maintaining Configurable Software in Pascal1
  3. Pinc-A Tool For Maintaining Configurable Software in Pascal2
  4. Pinc-A Tool For Maintaining Configurable Software in Pascal3
  5. Pinc-A Tool For Maintaining Configurable Software in Pascal4
  6. Pinc-A Tool For Maintaining Configurable Software in Pascal5

9. International standards for visual modeling languages

A significant investment has been made in applying #Graphitization to language modeling; specifically, languages for enterprise architecture like ArchiMate.

ArchiMate References

  1. Using ArchiMate 2.1 to Model Product or Service Markets
  2. ArchiMate 3.0: What is the preferred way to model a Server Farm?
  3. How do I model “X” using ArchiMate?
  4. Crossing the EA Chasm: ArchiMate “Keep Calm and Have IT Your Way”
  5. Crossing the EA Chasm: ArchiMate Art
  6. Crossing the EA Chasm: Re-visioning the ArchiMate Specification
  7. Crossing the EA Chasm: Reflections on the Current State of ArchiMate
  8. Crossing the EA Chasm: Re-visioning ArchiMate 3.0 Relations as Verbs
  9. Crossing the EA Chasm: Re-visioning ArchiMate 3.0 Elements as Adjectives [WIP]
  10. Crossing the EA Chasm: #Graphitization of ArchiMate 3.0 – Iteration 1
  11. Crossing the EA Chasm: #Graphitization of ArchiMate 3.0 – Iteration 2 (long but meaty)
  12. #Graphitization of ArchiMate: Getting MMOR from ArchiMate using the ModelMate Master Online Repository

10. Enterprise Data Management

Modeling and analyzing enterprise data structures and stores is a common application of #Graphitization; including the modeling of taxonomies and master data.

References

  1. RE: Managing Master Data With ArchiMate

11. Parallelspace ModelMate

Parallelspace ModelMate is an approach (platform and language framework) for creating domain specific languages (DSLs) for enterprise architecture.  It is realized using #Graphitization and the ArchiMate enterprise architecture modeling language.

References

  1. Crossing the Enterprise Architecture Chasm
  2. Crossing the EA Chasm: Open Repository Strategies for Enterprise Architecture
  3. ModelMate Architecture Reference Model

12. Internet of Things (IoT)

IoT is an interesting beast.  It is a reference to an application service for processing raw events from a device or dynamically generated events from a software system.  IoT also defines a conceptual software and data flow architecture that can also be used for the dynamic creating and maintenance of complex systems such as large enterprise architectures.

References

  1. Subject: MS Azure Services: Is there an overarching architectural vision?
  2. MS Azure is a bit of a bucket of bolts …very good bolts …but relative to the other IoT vendors, a bucket of bolts.
  3. Crossing the EA Chasm: “Where does IoT [Internet of Things] fit in?”

13. Architecture Reference Models (ARMs)

An ARM is easily modeled (and analyzed) using #Graphitization.  SharePoint and Azure Stack are two good examples.

References

  1. ARMs for Model-Driven LOB apps: SharePoint 2013/SharePoint 2016 [Oct. 24, 2016]
  2. Microsoft Azure Stack POC Architecture Reference Model (ARM): ArchiMate Model – version 1-0-7 – April 30, 2016

General References

  1. Continuous Transformation and Transformative Change are key principles of the Total Enterprise Architecture Model (TEAM) (click here)
  2. To dig deeper, check out Graphitization of the Enterprise (click here)
  3. [Enterprise Architecture, Big Data, CRM, ERP, …] Tools and Methods Don’t Generate Business Value (click here)
  4. Crossing the EA Chasm: The Surveyor

Best regards,

Michael Herman
Enterprise Architect and Data Scientist
Parallelspace Corporation
M: 416 524-7702
E: mwherman@parallelspace.net
B: http://hyperonomy.com
L: https://www.linkedin.com/in/mwherman/recent-activity/posts/
Skype: mwherman2000

Living at the intersection of Enterprise Architecture, Enterprise Knowledge, and Data Science

  • ArchiMate is registered trademark of The Open Group.

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Filed under ArchiMate, Architecture Reference Models, Automated Application Architecture Analysis, Automated Enterprise Architecture Modeling, Graphitization, How do we think, Microsoft Azure, ModelMate Information Architecture for ArchiMate, ModelMate Information Architecture for Languages

#Graphitization of the Amazon Leadership Principles (introducing Personal Leadership Principle Maps) – Iteration 1

COPYRIGHT © 2016-2017 by Michael Herman, Toronto, Canada. All rights reserved.

[Click on any figure to enlarge it to its full, original size.]

The motivation and goals for Iteration 1 of this project are simple:

  1. Make the Amazon Leadership Principles visually more understandable and more memorable
  2. Introduce the concept of a Personal Leadership Principles Map where one’s personal career and personal belief system is mapped to each of the Amazon Leadership Principles
  3. Promulgate the use and application of #Graphitization beyond its traditional roots in Enterprise Architecture.

This article is structured as follows:

  • Appendix B – Amazon Leadership Principles is copy of the original text (non-graphitized) version of the Amazon Leadership Principles from the Amazon Jobs website.
  • Appendix A – Amazon Leadership Principles (and Subprinciples) contains an ArchiMate enterprise architecture model that depicts the (and then decomposes) the 14 Amazon Leadership Principles into multiple levels of subprinciples. Scroll down to the bottom of this article to check it out.
    NOTE: The underlining in Appendix A attempts to highlight the individual Subprinciples and Relationships found in the text description of each of the 14 Principles.
  • The first real section Amazon Leadership Principles, Core Entities, and Relationships presents a new innovative way to learn, remember, understand, and apply the Amazon Leadership Principles as highly visual web (or mesh or graph) of principles, concrete entities, abstract entities, and relationships.
  • The last section (just before Appendix A), entitled Personal Leadership Principle Maps, depicts how the experiences and accomplishments of one person’s career (mine) can be (formally) mapped the Amazon Leadership Principles.

Let’s start the journey. If you’re not familiar with the Principles, start by reading:

  • Appendix B – Amazon Leadership Principles; then
  • Appendix A – Amazon Leadership Principles (and Subprinciples)

All of the figures in this article represent different graphitized views of the Amazon Leadership Principles (click here) …all built from a single underlying graph model (which, in total, is referred to as the #Graphitization of the Amazon Leadership Principles).

Visually, the model is expressed using the ArchiMate 3.0 visual language standard for enterprise architecture. The model was built with the latest version of Archi 4.0, the open-source, free enterprise architecture modeling platform.

If you would like to work directly with the ArchiMate model for the Amazon Leadership Principles,

This article concludes with a list of possible Next Steps for Iteration 2.

Enjoy.

Amazon Leadership Principles, Core Entities, and Relationships

The text of the Amazon Leadership Principles references specific:

  • Roles
  • Concrete entities,
  • Abstract Entities, as well as, more importantly,
  • Relationships between these entities

These are collectively referred to as the Core Entities. Roles include:

  • Leader
  • Owner
  • Customer
  • Competitor
  • Partner
  • etc.

Concrete Entities include:

  • The Amazon Organization (presented by an employee directory or org chart)
  • Employee Team (same including virtual teams documented in project documents)
  • Standards (assuming they are written down or, in other words, documented)
  • Products
  • Services
  • Processes
  • etc.

Abstract Entities include:

  • Speed
  • Calculated Risks
  • Decisions
  • Actions
  • Inputs
  • Results
  • Bold Directions
  • Capabilities
  • etc.

Relationships include:

  • Leaders obsess over Customers
  • Leaders pay attention to Competitors
  • Leaders earn and keep Customer Trust
  • Constraints breed Resourcefulness
  • Constraints breed Self-Sufficiency
  • Constraints breed Invention
  • etc.

All of the entities and relationships are depicted in Figure 1 below (assuming none or only a few have been overlooked). (Click the figure to enlarge it.)

The entities and relationships were deduced by inspection and analysis of each of the 14 Amazon Leadership Principles (classic business analysis, more or less).

Parallelspace-Amazon Leadership Principles, Roles, and Relationships-P00-Core Entities v1.30

Figure 1. Amazon’s Principles, Core Entities, and Relationships: The Core Model

The existence, enablement, creation and/or execution of each group of relationships gives rise to (or realizes) one or more of the 14 Principles (and/or their Subprinciples). When these realization relationships are added to the Core Entities depicted in Figure 1,  Figure 2., the “Complete Model”, is the result. (Click to enlarge.)

Parallelspace-Amazon Leadership Principles, Roles, and Relationships-P00-All v1.30

Figure 2. Amazon’s Principles, Core Entities, and Relationships: The Complete Model

To simplify the understanding of the model, 14 new views were created – one for each of the 14 Principles – each overlayed on the original Core Model (Figure 1). Figure 3 is an example drawn from one of these 14 views: Principle 1. Customer Obsession.

Parallelspace-Amazon Leadership Principles, Roles, and Relationships-P01 v1.30

Figure 3. Amazon’s Principles, Core Entities, and Relationships: Principle 1. Customer Obsession

Located in the lower-left side of Figure 3, the Customer Obsession Principle is realized by:

  • a) a Leader’s focus or “obsession over Customers”, and
  • b) a Leader’s “attention to the Competition”.

Figure 4. below is an animation of the Complete Model overlayed, principle-by-principle, against the Core Model.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Figure 4. Amazon’s Principles, Core Entities, and Relationships: Principle-by-Principle Animation overlayed against the Core Model

The individual views of the 14 Amazon Leadership Principles can be downloaded from here: https://www.facebook.com/mwherman/media_set?set=a.10155018158800932.1073741988.635655931&type=3.

So far, we’ve addressed the “what” of the Amazon Leadership Principles depicted as a #Graphitization model projected as a number of different views.

In the next section, the Amazon Leadership Principles are used as a framework for cataloging one’s lifetime experiences and accomplishments. Personal Leadership Principle Maps is an Amazon Leadership Principles application – it’s the Amazon Leadership Principles put into action.

Personal Leadership Principle Maps

Have you been living an Amazon Leadership Principled career/faith/life?

Figure 5. is a copy of my Personal Leadership Principle Map (PLPM).

  • ArchiMate Assessment entities are used to model specific experiences and accomplishments.
  • ArchiMate Outcome entities are used to model specific evidence, learnings, or proof that one has been able to apply the specific principle in their career, faith and/or life.

Parallelspace-Amazon Leadership Principles-Personal Leadership Principle Map-Michael Herman v1.30

Figure 5. Amazon’s Principles: Michael’s Experiences and Accomplishments

In my case, for Principle 7. Insist on the Highest Standards, I have specific experiences related to the recent Toronto Salesforce 2017 Tour, working at Parallelspace Corporation, the IBM Canada Toronto Software Lab, and at Microsoft.

Specific evidence includes:

  • Parallelspace trust framework (Relationships-Reputation-Trust)
  • Working as an ISO-9000 Quality Analyst and a certified Quality Assurance Auditor
  • A concept I call focusing on the success of an Individual Individual
  • Various and diverse experiences working for Microsoft as a full-time employee (blue badge) and as a Microsoft partner

Next Steps for Iteration 2

Possible next steps include:

  • Federation of Personal Leadership Principle Maps – at the Employee Team, business unit, or Organization level to discover the aggregates collective experiences and accomplishments for the purpose of rebalancing hiring objectives (Principle Gap Analysis), accumulating customer as well as competitive intelligence, etc. to support Customer Obsession, Ownership, Invent and Simplify, etc. goals and objectives. Identifying the best sources of experiences and accomplishments for specific Principles based on a Team’s or Organization’s previous roles, education, or training.
  • Use of both the Core Model and the Complete Model as well as the Federate Personal Leadership Principle Maps to create a graph database repository to real-time query analysis and visualization (e.g. using the Neo4j graph database).
  • To support Amazon’s operational data analysis needs (e.g. Amazon Marketplace 3rd Party Retail Data).
  • Apply the Parallelspace principles

References

  1. Continuous Transformation and Transformative Change are key principles of the Total Enterprise Architecture Model (TEAM) (click here)
  2. To dig deeper, check out Graphitization of the Enterprise (click here)
  3. [Enterprise Architecture, Big Data, CRM, ERP, …] Tools and Methods Don’t Generate Business Value (click here)

Appendix A – Amazon Leadership Principles (and Subprinciples)

Below is an ArchiMate enterprise architecture model that depicts (and then decomposes) the 14 Amazon Leadership Principles into multiple levels of subprinciples (as appropriate/as required).

These are based on the text-based defintions of the 14 Principles found in Appendix B – Amazon Leadershp Principles.

Parallelspace-Amazon Leadership Principles (and Subprinciples) v1.30

Figure 6. Amazon’s Principles (and Subprinciples)

Appendix B – Amazon Leadership Principles

The following Leadership Principles are taken directly from the Amazon Jobs website.

  • The sequential numbering (in parenthesis) was added by me.
  • The underlining attempts to highlight the individual Subprinciples and Relationships found in the text description of each of the 14 Principles.

Leadership Principles

Our Leadership Principles aren’t just a pretty inspirational wall hanging. These Principles work hard, just like we do. Amazonians use them, every day, whether they’re discussing ideas for new projects, deciding on the best solution for a customer’s problem, or interviewing candidates. It’s just one of the things that make Amazon peculiar.

Customer Obsession (1)

Leaders start with the customer and work backward. They work vigorously to earn and keep customer trust. Although leaders pay attention to competitors, they obsess over customers.

Ownership (2)

Leaders are owners. They think long term and don’t sacrifice long-term value for short-term results. They act on behalf of the entire company, beyond just their own team. They never say “that’s not my job”.

Invent and Simplify (3)

Leaders expect and require innovation and invention from their teams and always find ways to simplify. They are externally aware, look for new ideas from everywhere, and are not limited by “not invented here”. As we do new things, we accept that we may be misunderstood for long periods of time.

Are Right, A Lot (4)

Leaders are right a lot. They have strong judgment and good instincts. They seek diverse perspectives and work to disconfirm their beliefs.

Learn and Be Curious (5)

Leaders are never done learning and always seek to improve themselves. They are curious about new possibilities and act to explore them.

Hire and Develop the Best (6)

Leaders raise the performance bar with every hire and promotion. They recognize exceptional talent and willingly move them throughout the organization. Leaders develop leaders and take seriously their role in coaching others. We work on behalf of our people to invent mechanisms for development like Career Choice.

Insist on the Highest Standards (7)

Leaders have relentlessly high standards – many people may think these standards are unreasonably high. Leaders are continually raising the bar and driving their teams to deliver high-quality products, services, and processes. Leaders ensure that defects do not get sent down the line and that problems are fixed so they stay fixed.

Think Big (8)

Thinking small is a self-fulfilling prophecy. Leaders create and communicate a bold direction that inspires results. They think differently and look around corners for ways to serve customers.

Bias for Action (9)

Speed matters in business. Many decisions and actions are reversible and do not need extensive study. We value calculated risk taking.

Frugality (10)

Accomplish more with less. Constraints breed resourcefulness, self-sufficiency, and invention. There are no extra points for growing headcount, budget size or fixed expense.

Earn Trust (11)

Leaders listen attentively, speak candidly, and treat others respectfully. They are vocally self-critical, even when doing so is awkward or embarrassing. Leaders do not believe their or their team’s body odor smells of perfume. They benchmark themselves and their teams against the best.

Dive Deep (12)

Leaders operate at all levels, stay connected to the details, audit frequently, and are skeptical when metrics and anecdote differ. No task is beneath them.

Have Backbone; Disagree and Commit (13)

Leaders are obligated to respectfully challenge decisions when they disagree, even when doing so is uncomfortable or exhausting. Leaders have conviction and are tenacious. They do not compromise for the sake of social cohesion. Once a decision is determined, they commit wholly.

Deliver Results (14)

Leaders focus on the key inputs for their business and deliver them with the right quality and in a timely fashion. Despite setbacks, they rise to the occasion and never settle.

Best regards,

Michael Herman
Enterprise Architect and Data Scientist
Parallelspace Corporation
M: 416 524-7702
E: mwherman@parallelspace.net
B: http://hyperonomy.com
L: https://www.linkedin.com/in/mwherman/recent-activity/posts/
Skype: mwherman2000

Living at the intersection of Enterprise Architecture, Enterprise Knowledge, and Data Science

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Filed under ArchiMate, Architecture Reference Models, Business Value, continuous transformation, Definitions, Enterprise Architecture, graph database, Graphitization, How do we think, ModelMate, Process, Product Management, Uncategorized